H6 W33 – Two Church Fathers

In the past week I learned about five different church fathers and the two I cover today are Augustine and Ambrose.

Augustine was a very young man when he converted, and he converted because of a  boyish chant he heard of “take up and read”, and when he took up his bible and read the first verse he saw, he converted.  The a little while later he was chosen as one of the candidates to be the bishop of Hippo and therefore took the priest Valerius’ place when he died.  While in this position he was able to write a coule books – one, called Confessions, was about his early life, and  he also wrote a book called City of God which contrasted the holy Heavenly city against an earthly one.

Ambrose is the other man.  He held a very high position later in life after he followed his father into politics and converted.  He actually converted vry young as he was born into a Christian family in 340 AD, and while he was young a swarm of bees landed on his face and left a drop of honey when they left.  His father took this to mean that he would have a tongue/ speaking style as sweet and smooth as honey.  Later on he followed his dad into politics and therefore gained a lot of populatrity, thus gaining him the ability to be named Pope of Milan, and then he wrote his books.

Both of these men were voluminous writers, founding fathers of the church, and very influential up to today.  See you next essay!


S6 W4 Review – Cocoa Diseases & Pests


Vascular-streak dieback (VSD)

  • caused by the fungus known as Oncobasidium theobroma
  • distinguished in the 1960s
  • caused heavy losses of trees in mature plantations
  • chlorosis of one leaf on the second or third flush behind the tip
  • restrict transport

Witches´ Broom


  • attacks only actively growing tissue
  • sensitive to light and drying


  • Moniliophthora perniciosa
  • disease in the region of Bahia caused a decrease in production of almost 70%



  • major insects that affect cocoa worldwide
  • recognized as a serious pest since 1908
  • Distantiella theobroma and Sahlbergella singularis, Helopeltis spp, Monalonion
  • can reduce yields by as much as 75%.
  • clones with low water content in their stems are unattractive to mirids

Cocoa pod borer (CPB)

  • Conopomorpha cramerella
  • noted in 1841 as a serious threat
  • developing genotypes with harder walls in their pods

PF L40 – Getting in Shape for Less

IN the past week of financing on sports and other recreative activities, I studied how to get into shape for less money and time, and whether gym memberships are worth their cost.

To get in shape faster and less expensively, I recommend not going to gym – they aren’t worth it.[1]  You can get the gear and clothes for an overall cheaper price than if you go to a gym membership, because you only pay one set cost and then it’s over with- you don’t have to pay any more to have a household gym.  In the end, gym memberships aren’t worth it.  Therefore, what’s the difference between three years’ cost in gym membership vs. the three years’ worth of service for one set price at the beginning of the first year.  This is the advantage of the home gym – you stay home to work out, you spend less over the time you use the gym, and last but not least, work out every day and not just every two days or something like that.  It’s all right there ready for use. I recommend quitting that gym membership, saving the money, and then using it for the new and improved self-built personalized home gym, where everyone participates free.  There are places I might be wrong, though – Just correct me if I am – but I think that you can tell if a gym is cheaper by taking the cost of how much the membership costs per year and multiply it by how many years you plan to go, that should give you the overall cost of your membership.  Then subtract the cost of the home gym from the membership and that’s the difference in cost.  Heck, you could even make it cheaper (though less safe, un less you’re a build anything person) by using trash scraps that are going to the dump.  And that’s how you get a personal home gym, and whether the membership at a gym is really worth the cost.

[1] Don’t take my advice as  a  professional’s advice – I’m just a novice

  E6 L40 – London vs. Henty -Writing styles

In the past few weeks I read two different authors’ books, G. A Henty and Jack London.  Both are different, and this essay compares the two, from style, to characters, and then to setting as well.

London is a very descriptive writer, normally to the point, very detailed individual characters.  White Fang is one of these books, as well as Call of the Wild.  His books normally paint a vivid picture of the character’s placement in a detailed surrounding.  He narrates from the sidelines so he can switch views between seeing from one perspective or another from time to time.  This way the reader has more understanding of the book and surroundings.

Henty, on the other hand, goes down all the rabbit holes he can find, and is not so descriptive about characters, though he is quite a painter when it comes to settings.  The book I think about when I think about when it comes to Henty is not from this year, but it does have probably the best I’ve seen so far from Henty – The Cat of Bubastes.  He doesn’t switch views or view from the sidelines, however – he views from the character’s eyes.  This gives for a more personal experience, though it doesn’t allow for seeing what the other people are thinking.  I think he goes more for the experience of reading a good book than for character development or setting introduction, like London.

Both of these writers are good writers with a purpose for a book and a view on the audience, and I say both deserve a laudation on at least that.

PF W8 – Budget Worksheet

This is the worksheet that I used to budget for this year. The very top is my weekly income, and the bottom is my yearly expenses on the income.  I can use this to keep track of how much I spend and how I spend it.  The above is last year’s records.

E7 L35 – Treasure Island Themes

           In his book Treasure Island, Robert Louis Stevenson offers a variety of different themes, from “Don’t trust a man with one leg and a parrot” to “The prospect of treasure can turn men into animals”, There are many possible themes for the book.  Some other possibilities are: “Sailing the seas with a bunch of pirates is a bad idea”, “treasure hunts kill people”, “Greed is destruction”, or “be content with the things you have.” 

          One of the previous themes, “Greed is destruction”, might be the message that Mr. Stevenson wanted to send – He showed this by that when everyone got all greedy over Flint’s old treasure, the problems reared up.  First the mutineers under Long John Silver (the antagonist) beached the ship too high to get it back down into the water for a great while.  After this happened, the mutineers committed their mutiny and attacked the last few honest men on the ship.  This made them as thieves, sealing their fates.  Then under Long John Silver the mutineers became real pirates by attempting to steal the map to the treasure.  They were given a copy, however, and this screwed them over, as the real treasure was gone when they got there.  Not because of the honest men, surprisingly, either.  A maroon there, named Ben Gunn, found some treasure long ago before anyone else came there.  The only thing that went right about that later was that Jim Hawkins (the protagonist) befriended him while being chased down by Long John.  This allowed for him to get part of the treasure from Gunn’s cave later on.  The real treasure, Gunn had not found.

          The other possible message is “be content with what you have”.  This is proven many times through Hawkins almost losing everything, once being attacked by pirates, once in a storm at sea, and once being almost killed by the cutlass (sword) of one of the pirates. 

          All these possible messages that Stevenson might have wanted to get through to the reader are very true, obvious, and sometimes funny, and could have significant meaning to anyone.  That’s it for today on Treasure Island Themes.