H6 W33 – Two Church Fathers

In the past week I learned about five different church fathers and the two I cover today are Augustine and Ambrose.

Augustine was a very young man when he converted, and he converted because of a  boyish chant he heard of “take up and read”, and when he took up his bible and read the first verse he saw, he converted.  The a little while later he was chosen as one of the candidates to be the bishop of Hippo and therefore took the priest Valerius’ place when he died.  While in this position he was able to write a coule books – one, called Confessions, was about his early life, and  he also wrote a book called City of God which contrasted the holy Heavenly city against an earthly one.

Ambrose is the other man.  He held a very high position later in life after he followed his father into politics and converted.  He actually converted vry young as he was born into a Christian family in 340 AD, and while he was young a swarm of bees landed on his face and left a drop of honey when they left.  His father took this to mean that he would have a tongue/ speaking style as sweet and smooth as honey.  Later on he followed his dad into politics and therefore gained a lot of populatrity, thus gaining him the ability to be named Pope of Milan, and then he wrote his books.

Both of these men were voluminous writers, founding fathers of the church, and very influential up to today.  See you next essay!


S6 W4 Review – Cocoa Diseases & Pests


Vascular-streak dieback (VSD)

  • caused by the fungus known as Oncobasidium theobroma
  • distinguished in the 1960s
  • caused heavy losses of trees in mature plantations
  • chlorosis of one leaf on the second or third flush behind the tip
  • restrict transport

Witches´ Broom


  • attacks only actively growing tissue
  • sensitive to light and drying


  • Moniliophthora perniciosa
  • disease in the region of Bahia caused a decrease in production of almost 70%



  • major insects that affect cocoa worldwide
  • recognized as a serious pest since 1908
  • Distantiella theobroma and Sahlbergella singularis, Helopeltis spp, Monalonion
  • can reduce yields by as much as 75%.
  • clones with low water content in their stems are unattractive to mirids

Cocoa pod borer (CPB)

  • Conopomorpha cramerella
  • noted in 1841 as a serious threat
  • developing genotypes with harder walls in their pods

  E6 L40 – London vs. Henty -Writing styles

In the past few weeks I read two different authors’ books, G. A Henty and Jack London.  Both are different, and this essay compares the two, from style, to characters, and then to setting as well.

London is a very descriptive writer, normally to the point, very detailed individual characters.  White Fang is one of these books, as well as Call of the Wild.  His books normally paint a vivid picture of the character’s placement in a detailed surrounding.  He narrates from the sidelines so he can switch views between seeing from one perspective or another from time to time.  This way the reader has more understanding of the book and surroundings.

Henty, on the other hand, goes down all the rabbit holes he can find, and is not so descriptive about characters, though he is quite a painter when it comes to settings.  The book I think about when I think about when it comes to Henty is not from this year, but it does have probably the best I’ve seen so far from Henty – The Cat of Bubastes.  He doesn’t switch views or view from the sidelines, however – he views from the character’s eyes.  This gives for a more personal experience, though it doesn’t allow for seeing what the other people are thinking.  I think he goes more for the experience of reading a good book than for character development or setting introduction, like London.

Both of these writers are good writers with a purpose for a book and a view on the audience, and I say both deserve a laudation on at least that.

S6 L46 – The Health Benefits of Chocolate

          In today’s lesson I learned about the cocoa plant, from which the actually very healthy chocolate is made.  Oh, and I’m not taking about the regular everyday milk chocolate – I’m talking about dark chocolate, unprocessed pure dark chocolate.  This stuff may be a bit bitter but you get used to it after a while.  Anyways, this drug can apparently decrease risk of heart and brain problems, protect the brain from strokes, and relieve anxiety, and none of this would have been found had the ancient Aztecs invented the first chocolate – Xocolatl.  When you pronounce it right it sounds something like chocolate. 

          The powerful properties contained by the chocolate can be received by eating about 7 grams of chocolate a day for two weeks.  The first of the properties is the decreasing of risk of heart disease or brain problems.  This is activated by the proteins and good acid in the chocolate, eating the bad stuff.  The second is the protection of the brain.  The chemicals in the chocolate are many, but one of them, called epicatechin, simulates a neurological pathway in your brain, which the brain sees as a signal to get ready for some type of attack on the brain, and therefore saving a lot of sadness on the part of the victim’s family. And no one really knows how chocolate relieves stress.

          But that’s the three powerful health benefits of eating dark chocolate. See you in the next post!

PF L25 – Work and Wealth

          It’s not immoral to be wealthy – it’s just immoral to waste it and trash it like a piece of torn notebook paper.  And the reason some people have this wealth is that they worked hard and saved for years until they had enough to call it wealth – not winning the lottery, or inheriting it, through shiploads of hard work and truckloads of time spent budgeting the little money they wanted to spend so they could have wealth in their retirement.  The moral limits to gaining this wealth is following the ten commandments, especially no. 8, do not steal.  That neighbor’s $25,000 stingray…no stealing.  You can earn the money yourself – and no bragging when you have it.   

          That’s the real morality of work and wealth, that you have to work and budget and work some more and budget some more to gain the wealth that you want.  The morals are also very helpful like that morals restrict the ways you can gain wealth – unless you break them.  They also restrict how you’re supposed to spend it in a good way, unless again, you break them.  Therefore the morality of Work and Wealth is a good thing not bad. And as I said earlier, it’s not immoral to be wealthy – it’s just immoral to waste it and trash it like a piece of torn notebook paper.   This means don’t waste it on tobacco, or parties, or new stuff.  Think about production first.  To keep the wealth you have to use it to multiply itself.  Use some for production in like a wood business like me to earn more money.  This will give you more to spend wisely.  This is the purpose of a budget – so you don’t go into debt because you don’t know how much money you have.  And the thing is, you have to work to plan out the budget. So the moral is, you have to work to gain (and keep) wealth.

PF L30 – My Income


           In the past year, I’ve earned and spent over $700.  I really hope I don’t do this again, though I think my income will significantly drop over the next few years because I can start getting jobs but nobody’ll hire me.  I hope this doesn’t happen but I expect it to.  This year is so far good but in a couple months I’ll be old enough to start getting odd jobs around the neighborhood.


          I’ll start with chopping wood, and then go to maybe mowing people’s lawns, and to power washing things, and washing cars.  These businesses (I hope) will pay me enough to keep me up and running.