PF W8 – Budget Worksheet

This is the worksheet that I used to budget for this year. The very top is my weekly income, and the bottom is my yearly expenses on the income.  I can use this to keep track of how much I spend and how I spend it.  The above is last year’s records.

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E7 L35 – Treasure Island Themes

           In his book Treasure Island, Robert Louis Stevenson offers a variety of different themes, from “Don’t trust a man with one leg and a parrot” to “The prospect of treasure can turn men into animals”, There are many possible themes for the book.  Some other possibilities are: “Sailing the seas with a bunch of pirates is a bad idea”, “treasure hunts kill people”, “Greed is destruction”, or “be content with the things you have.” 

          One of the previous themes, “Greed is destruction”, might be the message that Mr. Stevenson wanted to send – He showed this by that when everyone got all greedy over Flint’s old treasure, the problems reared up.  First the mutineers under Long John Silver (the antagonist) beached the ship too high to get it back down into the water for a great while.  After this happened, the mutineers committed their mutiny and attacked the last few honest men on the ship.  This made them as thieves, sealing their fates.  Then under Long John Silver the mutineers became real pirates by attempting to steal the map to the treasure.  They were given a copy, however, and this screwed them over, as the real treasure was gone when they got there.  Not because of the honest men, surprisingly, either.  A maroon there, named Ben Gunn, found some treasure long ago before anyone else came there.  The only thing that went right about that later was that Jim Hawkins (the protagonist) befriended him while being chased down by Long John.  This allowed for him to get part of the treasure from Gunn’s cave later on.  The real treasure, Gunn had not found.

          The other possible message is “be content with what you have”.  This is proven many times through Hawkins almost losing everything, once being attacked by pirates, once in a storm at sea, and once being almost killed by the cutlass (sword) of one of the pirates. 

          All these possible messages that Stevenson might have wanted to get through to the reader are very true, obvious, and sometimes funny, and could have significant meaning to anyone.  That’s it for today on Treasure Island Themes.

PF L25 – Work and Wealth

          It’s not immoral to be wealthy – it’s just immoral to waste it and trash it like a piece of torn notebook paper.  And the reason some people have this wealth is that they worked hard and saved for years until they had enough to call it wealth – not winning the lottery, or inheriting it, through shiploads of hard work and truckloads of time spent budgeting the little money they wanted to spend so they could have wealth in their retirement.  The moral limits to gaining this wealth is following the ten commandments, especially no. 8, do not steal.  That neighbor’s $25,000 stingray…no stealing.  You can earn the money yourself – and no bragging when you have it.   

          That’s the real morality of work and wealth, that you have to work and budget and work some more and budget some more to gain the wealth that you want.  The morals are also very helpful like that morals restrict the ways you can gain wealth – unless you break them.  They also restrict how you’re supposed to spend it in a good way, unless again, you break them.  Therefore the morality of Work and Wealth is a good thing not bad. And as I said earlier, it’s not immoral to be wealthy – it’s just immoral to waste it and trash it like a piece of torn notebook paper.   This means don’t waste it on tobacco, or parties, or new stuff.  Think about production first.  To keep the wealth you have to use it to multiply itself.  Use some for production in like a wood business like me to earn more money.  This will give you more to spend wisely.  This is the purpose of a budget – so you don’t go into debt because you don’t know how much money you have.  And the thing is, you have to work to plan out the budget. So the moral is, you have to work to gain (and keep) wealth.

H6 W30 – Roman Houses

In this lesson I learned about Roman houses; how they were built, how they were organized, and Plebian apartments.  The rich Patricians also had nice little summer retreats like those in Pompeii, which I posted about a little while ago.

The rich patrician houses were huge and luxurious with large yards in the middle of their houses, with a colonnaded vesta around it.  This yard could have a pool, or fountain, or statue, but it always had something in it.  This vesta always supported a second floor as well, containing the bedrooms and closets.  The stairs up were normally very inconspicuous, so they would have to show you the way upstairs.  The first floor around the vesta contained the kitchen, which Romans never really used[1], the living-room, and the guest reception area, as well as the dining area.  A little fun fact about meals in this dining-room is that when the slaves took away the course the guests just finished, the slaves take away the whole table.  When they came back they came back with a new table and the new course.

Now for the Plebian houses.  These were between looking like a train-wreck to an almost clean room, depending on how low the Plebe was.  Note I only say “room”, not “rooms”.  This is because the Plebes lived their lives pretty much in one room.  They also couldn’t use cooking fires as these oftentimes got out of control, burning whole city blocks.  This meant that they had to pay for hot food at a street vendor’s.

The rich peoples, however, also had a nice little villa out in the country, where they could get their minds off politics and do a little work for themselves.  They could also come out there and just take a break from the city.  They normally had their own little baths in their houses, giving them relaxation time.  The houses normally had only one floor, and on that they had a bathroom, a reception room, a dining-room, a kitchen, and a wellhouse.

These well-designed houses were weather resistant, strong, and comfortable, though sometimes small.  Some were long, some were round, some boxy, and some domed.  The architecture of the places itself is interesting, and this makes it all the more fun to study.

[1] Because cooking fires weren’t permitted; you can’t really cook anything without some type of heat source

PF L30 – My Income

 

           In the past year, I’ve earned and spent over $700.  I really hope I don’t do this again, though I think my income will significantly drop over the next few years because I can start getting jobs but nobody’ll hire me.  I hope this doesn’t happen but I expect it to.  This year is so far good but in a couple months I’ll be old enough to start getting odd jobs around the neighborhood.

 

          I’ll start with chopping wood, and then go to maybe mowing people’s lawns, and to power washing things, and washing cars.  These businesses (I hope) will pay me enough to keep me up and running.

 

S6 L34 – Photosynthesis

          Photosynthesis is a complex food-making plant process that only uses CO2, sunlight, and some nutrients.  This process is so complex that scientists still haven’t figured out the whole process.  All we know is that when clorophyll panels absorb sunlight, they vibrate rapidly, spouting charged electrons, which are carried along and compressed into little batteries by proteins.  These batteries are then sent off a “carbon-stitching machine” which pulls carbon out of the air and turns them into sugar and starch, which are used to grow.  These processes give off water vapor and oxygen, which we breathe.  Breathing this out again as CO2 restarts the whole process.  The plant is constantly doing this and so produces a small flow of air.