Science Lesson 128 – On-Camera Flash – Sorry about the lateness!!

On-camera Flash – Lesson 128

All cameras have a flash, that’s assured. DSLRs have a pop-up flash on top, Digitals have a built-in switch on flash, phones have a built-in flash next to the lens.   However, only DSLRs have the option of an on-camera flash.   These flashes are not built-in, and all that’s needed is a DSLR camera with an on-camera flash option.  Pretty much any DSLR has it, especially Canon and Nikon (who also make the majority of the on-camera flashes).   Why on-camera?   Normally, there’s a pop-up flash on the top of the camera, but the downside to these are that they are relatively small source of light, exaggerating shadows, and they are pretty short, so if you have a large lens the pop-up is too short and there is a large shadow on the bottom of the photo created by the lens size.  An on-camera flash is tall so it eliminates the shadow of the lens and the on-camera flash can swivel, allowing you to bounce the flash off the wall, decreasing he highlighted shadows.  Btw, there’s a little click area that tells the flash to decrease the flash power, so if you’re shooting up close and personal, it can fit into the click on the side and it will automatically decrease the flash power.   There is no better solution to lighting in photography than an on-camera flash!

 

Macro Photography – Lesson 123

Macro Photography – Lesson 123

          In today’s lesson, I learned about iPhone photography in Camera + 6, in the new Macro mode. It’s really easy to use, all you have to do is open up the toolbar, press the flower icon, and shoot away!  This guy explains it really well.

 

This guy uses an iPhone, and Camera+ 6.

Science Lesson 118 – Focus

In today’s lesson I learned about Focus, how to control it, and what it does to the picture.  Focus is the blurriness, sharpness, or in between those in a picture.  Out of focus looks something like this (I’m photographing our cat, Blacker): (W/ Eos Rebel)img_0267 Here’s the correct focus:

img_0269Same cat, same place, diferent focus.  I took multiple photos like this, nailing the focus most of the time. img_0270img_0270img_0268img_0266img_0267img_0272I also took some of the same cat staring out the door, and got some cool angles, see: (again, w/ Eos Rebel)img_0274img_0275img_0276img_0277img_0278img_0278img_0279img_0280img_0281img_0282img_0283img_0284img_0285and also some after I let her out.  (w/ Eos Rebel)img_0286img_0295img_0287img_0296img_0297

Just then, our other black cat named Black decided he wanted to go out, too, so I got some shots of both of them. (Eos Rebel)img_0288img_0289img_0290img_0291img_0292img_0293img_0294Other than those, I got a terrible shot of Blacker with the Samsung camera:sdc13645And a couple shots of ice.

img_0298img_0300That’s it for today, other than saying all you have to do to focus is half-press the shutter, and see you soon!  Also, please tell me if there is anything I can improve in my photos in the comments below, and try the rate thing, too.  See you soon!!   😉

 

Mobile Styles – Science Lesson 115

Today in iPhone photography is how to develop a personal style.  what you love, shoot.  Don’t shoot things that just simply distract you.  Find what you love, shoot it, and develop it.  That’s literally all you have to do.  This guy shows it Here.

Histograms – Science Lesson 114

Before today, I never even knew what a histogram was, never even knew it was there… but now I know, and none can stop me from “blabbing” on this little secret device that shows you the exposure value.  Well, depending on the camera you have, there are multiple different ways to get to the histogram.  On a Canon, go to the photo you took, press the Info button (it looks like a small box just above the Jump Button… I don’t know about any other Canons), go to Histogram, and there it is.  For Nikons, yo actually have to check your manual for that, and probably even then you still have to go into the photo settings and turn on “Show Histogram”.  It’s a great tool for getting correct exposures.  if you start to notice the piling up of the mountain in the left or right edge, you’re probably either underexposed or overexposed.  Here’s a pic of a histogram so you know what it is:

See the different colors?  those are all the different shades of color that the camera picked up and organized into pixel stacks, the max being about 280 pixels tall.  Note that it’s slightly stacked in the left hand corner.  That means that the photo that this histogram is for is slightly underexposed.  Here’s the photo.

flowersIs actually an underexposed photo to the view of the sensor, mostly because of the black background, and the histogram is actually incorrect.  The photo is actually perfectly exposed.   That’s what a histogram is, and what it does, and how to use it, so that’s all for today.

iPhone Photography – iPhone Portraits, White Balance, & Exposure – Science Lesson 111

For those of you out there who have been waiting for me to post some posts about iPhone photography, here it is, the first lesson on iPhone photography, most of which is done with the Camera + app, and some with Camera+ 6.  Today’s subjects are portraits, controlling the white balance, and controlling the exposure.  For portraits in Camera+,  go to the exposure compensation, lock it on the darkest you can find on the subject, and shoot away.  If the background has a cool light dispersed on it, lock the exposure on the sky, bring it to the subject, and shoot.  Voila, you have a great photo.  For white balance in Camera+ 6, all you have to do is go on manual, set a preset, and then shoot to your heart’s content.  Also, in Camera+ 6 there is a kelvin wheel that allows you to change the white balance extremely easily.  That’s it for today, and for more details on the photographer that I got these iPhone tips from , click Here.