How the Greeks’ Worldview Influenced their Religion – English Lesson 115

How the Greeks’ worldview Affected their Culture

The Greeks had a very diverse culture, and their worldview greatly affected that.  Their religion was made up of a gang of gods, each said to control a different element or thing.

The god Pluto was the supposed god of wealth and mining, underworld, and the dead.  Zeus was supposed to be the king of all gods.  Hera was the goddess of marriage, women, childbirth, heirs, kings, and empires.  Poseidon was the god of the sea.  Demeter was goddess of agriculture and growing.  Ares was the god of war. Aphrodite was the goddess of beauty, love, desire, and pleasure.  Apollo was the god of music, arts, knowledge, healing plague prophecy, poetry, manly beauty, and archery.  Artemis was the goddess of the hunt, wilderness, animals, young girls, childbirth, and plague.  Athena was the goddess of reason, wisdom, intelligence, skill, peace, warfare, battle strategy, and handicrafts.  Hephaestus was the god of fire, metalworking, and crafts.  Hermes was the god of boundaries, travel, communication, trade, language, and writing.  Hestia was goddess of the hearth, home, and chastity.

They thought of the world as made by these gods and hundreds of others.  They thought that these gods made them and the world around them.  They think about these gods, and yet, they do not think; How were we made so well, why are there other planets, why are there other galaxies?  Who made everything?

The answer is the LORD.  He made all things, saw them as good, and therefore keeps making.  We are made to his liking and we should stay that way, following his orders and instructions. For he is the creator of all things, and the creator of us, who were made to love him.  We should love the Lord our God, and not despise him and reject him, because he died for our sins, and would again if his Father wanted him to.  That’s how the Greek worldview affected their culture.

Around the World in Eighty Days – Book Report E6 – L110

Around the World in Eighty Days

By Jules Verne
In the book Around the World in Eighty Days, by Jules Verne, Phileas Fogg takes on a huge bet on 20,000 pounds sterling that he can go around the world in 80 days or less.  In the process of this undertaking, he encounters many obstacles, overcomes them, meets many characters, and finally wins the bet.
During a political club meeting in London, Phileas Fogg acquires a bet over 20,000 pounds to go around the world in 80 days or less, all the while Fix tracking Fogg, thinking him a London Bank robber. In the beginning of the book, he is bathing and his servant is put out of his job since he did not get the temperature of the shaving water the perfect temperature, and Passepartout is hired instead.  Once he hired Passepartout he went to club and acquired the bet.  After arriving home he did some research and got boat times and then planned ahead.  Once he had his bags packed he simply got to the boat to leave.  Starting in London, he had just agreed to go to Bombay, next to Calcutta, Hong Kong, Yokohama, San Francisco, and New York, then finally back to London in less than eighty days. This was a terrible feat as the fastest transportation was slow in front of today’s vehicles.  In the process, many hurdles are erected by Fix and the world around them, all rising out of nowhere to loom in front of them, and the moment you think, “they won’t make it this time,” they are climbing the hurdles, whatever the costs.
While on the journey, he encountered many hurdles in the way of his goal, and he could overcome all of them.  At this point in the journey, he and his little band rescue Aouda, a young Indian woman, from a bunch of Indian priests who were about to sacrifice her.   The others tried to save her, but it was Passepartout, the faithful valet, who saved her by impersonating as her dead husband that she was about to be burned with.  Even with a new crew member on board, Fix kept trying to throw some dodgeballs at them, trying to arrest them, kill them, sink them, whatever he could do, thinking that Fogg was creating a robber band.  Once Fogg got that Fix could throw all the hurdles he could and they would leap all of them, Fix eventually started to help, and was a great help. As Fix started helping them, they progressed faster than ever before by train, zipping across the countryside before one could see anything.  While on the way to NYC, they came across a very flimsy bridge that was about to fall.  They went for the risky approach and had the conductor literally leap the bridge with the train.  After that, traveling went smooth, other than a nice little Indian raid, and the rescue of Passepartout from the Indians, and then the rush to London was extremely important.
When he arrived home, he won the bet by a sliver of time, and also acquired happiness in the form of marriage.  When he arrived home, he thought that he had lost the bet, went to his house, and then Aouda asked him if he wanted to marry her.  When he replied yes, he sent Passepartout to the Reverend, where Passepartout found that it was day eighty, and that they had not lost the bet.  Therefore, Passepartout went off at his fastest for Fogg’s house, practically dragging Fogg to the meeting site, and Fogg appeared at exactly the time required.  As he had won the bet, he did not need to do anything except put it in a bank account, go home, and have some leisure time with Aouda.  All in all, he found Happiness, Wealth, and Fortune on this excruciating trip Around the World in Eighty Days.
Although I like the book, I do not recommend watching the movie spin-offs because the spin-offs stink at matching the book.  I liked the book because it is always action-packed, alive, and it always makes me want to just keep reading.  I recommend this book to young children that seek adventure and thrill, as this book is packed with action and adventure, and can really leave you hanging, thinking, “what happens next?”, so young children can have fun with the adventure, and learn about some foreign countries’ beliefs, religions, and customs.

Cyrus and Agnetha – English Lesson 105 – My Greek Myth

Once upon a time, in ancient Greece, a young god named Cyrus, born of Athena and Zeus, was on his way to the palace of the king of the region he was in.  The king of the region welcomed him as a hero from previous feats and as a god.  Later, after much drinking and laughter over mistakes made that day, and Cyrus telling of his travels and feats, the king invited him to stay the night at his palace.  Going upstairs, he laid down in the bed the king had allowed him, and fell asleep.  Outside, however, was a young woman, whose identity was concealed, waited for Cyrus’s light to go out, waiting for him to go to sleep, waiting for the guards to become tired enough to slip by and pass as a simple shadow.  She did not have to wait long, as Cyrus had drank much himself, indulging in the rich wine, and he was tired.  The unknown woman’s eyes flashed around the gate, and at the guards next to them.  Noticing that they were sleeping standing up, she slipped through, and in the dark, none but eyes with the ability to see in the dead of night could not mistake her as a shadow, with the dark cloak on.  Her soft footsteps masked that she was even there, and neither of the guards woke up.  Sneaking past the servants and hiding in corners, she was no more than another shadow in the night.

Once at the staircase leading up to Cyrus’s room, she left a spell at the bottom to make anyone who passed it curl up and fall asleep on the staircase.  Knowing that she alone could pass it without falling asleep, she walked right through the enchantment, and grinned.  Quickly slipping up the stairs, she slid a small dagger out from its sheath by about two inches.  Not knowing about the guards outside his room, she simply walked out from behind the corner on her left – and almost froze in her tracks. She dove at the corner to the right and in front of her, right behind the guard to the right, sliding into it as a sword slides into its sheath.  They hadn’t noticed her.  One was staring suspiciously at the corner where she was hiding, and then started talking to the other guard very softly.  She frowned.  Now she knew why she had almost gotten caught, because they were talking very softly and she couldn’t hear them.  She knew she would have to kill them to get through.  They seemed sharp.  What a waste, killing was, but it was the only way to permanently get rid of your envy of another person, even a god.  Annihilating both guards from the shadows before the other could react, she slipped into Cyrus’s room, and tried to stick a knife in his head.  He was too fast, however, as always, and reacted before she could.  Grabbing the dagger hilt and her wrist in his hand, he almost thought that he was holding a shadow.  But then he thought, How would a shadow be holding a dagger – and even trying to shove it in my head? and attacked, drawing his own dagger.  Knowing he would have to find the person first, he searched the room for any sign of a leather-handled steel dagger.  Seeing his torch, he went over and grabbed it, brought it to the middle of the room so there were no shadows, and then noticed the dead guards.  He dashed down the hall and down the stairs, grabbing his sword on the way, and then started feeling drowsy again, as he had walked through her spell.  Going back upstairs, he laid down, lit another torch, and fell back into a very deep sleep.

The next morning, he went downstairs and ate the rich, luxurious breakfast set out for him, as he had slept later than everyone else.  He then went outside to see if he could find a nice plump deer to bring down.  While in the forest, he went close enough to the village – to see sandal tracks.  In the forest?  Leading out of the village, through the forest, and straight to the palace, he wondered if the mystery person was the one who made these tracks.  He followed them to the house that the tracks went into and knocked.  A young lady answered, asking if he had any business there.  He told her about the attempted murder and the tracks, and the young lady’s eyes widened even more at every word.  He noticed beads of sweat starting to form on her forehead.  He asked her if she was scared, and she just ran.  Swiftly, swifter than a regular household girl, and light enough to make her footsteps silent.  How much she was like a deer baffled him.  Dashing after her, he was slightly faster although much heavier, and soon caught her after a long chase through the woods.  After the chase, he was angry, and he held her by the scruff of the neck and lectured her on trying to murder him, and on the murder of the guards.  He asked her what reason she had for doing that, and her only answer was a look down her nose at him with her chin up high.  He told her to give him the dagger, and she simply held her position as if she were not being held off the ground by a young god.  At this, he took pity on this pretty girl with her chin up so high and a fragile, slim body, although she seemed to be over 20 summers old.  Slipping the dagger out of its sheath and off her body, he felt that it was enchanted.  He put it in his leather side bag, and let her go.  Dashing off, laughing and smiling into the woods, she seemed to disappear as though she were part of the fog, and her laughter echoed back in a taunting, disturbing sound.

A fortnight later, she went to her mother, and asked her how she could reach Cyrus without being suspicious as a beautiful young girl, holding a dagger, in a black cloak, striding straight towards him.  Her mother answered, saying, “My beautiful daughter, simply be normal, as if you were simply going to market, and zigzag toward him, buying things as you go.  Also, carry the dagger on the bottom of your basket, with the hilt sticking out of the baubles and fruits, so you can easily reach it.  For I have killed many a smart man in that way out of spite.”  Outside, Cyrus had followed her through the forest and village the whole fortnight, and now knew her plan to kill him next.  Knowing this, he decided to keep it secret, and catch her the next day a market.

The next day, at the market, she was there, buying piles of baubles for her mother, and a new dagger stuck out on top.  Cyrus noticed it hiding in a papyrus, and therefore walked over, asking if she had thought about the scolding he had given her, she said no, and they started a battle with witty sayings, and finally they had walked into the place that he had set up to pull the dagger out of the basket, or in this case, the papyrus.  Once she was in the middle of a saying, he grabbed her free arm, grasped the dagger, and pulled it out of the papyrus, waving it as a mother does a finger at a naughty child.  As she tried to escape, he brought her to the palace as a murderer and she was thrown in jail.  The torturers got a reason out of her, and she was apparently a demi-goddess born of Ares and Agneta.  She envied him as he had more power, and wanted to kill him to give herself glory as he had.  She was then killed, and her mother killed also once he revealed to her that he had been outside her mother’s cottage, and then he and the kingdom lived on happily ever after.

Reflective Essay – E6 S1 review

In this quarter, I feel that I’ve learned a lot.  Of the things I’ve learned, I learned about sentences, paragraphs, the eight parts of speech, and many other things. I feel I’ve become a better writer as well, in that I am able to express my thoughts better, connect my sentences, organize my paragraphs, and know which word is which part of speech in a sentence.  This I consider I owe to my teachers, Luke Mullins and Bradley Fish.  Thank you, Mr. Mullins and Mr. Fish, for teaching me how to be a better writer.

My business – English Lesson 90

               If I had a business I would do a mining company that mined for diamonds in Kansas.  I chose Kansas because it has a huge diamond field in it.  It also has multiple opal mines that try to mine opal.   I could also go to Australia and start a business there, too, and mine opal, not diamond.  Either way, I’m good at both science and mathematics so I’d be a good candidate for it.  The buyers of my company would get cheaper prices than other companies and they’d get better gems. Besides, I’d make money.  Therefore, a mining company is a win-win solution for everybody, no matter where I set up my company!

A culture that I wrote about – English Lesson 80

        The culture I have chosen to write about is the English culture. The culture consists mostly of rules and manners. I am not fond of rules but I guess they are. Some of the rules are to be courteous and kind, fight for your honor when you’re attacked, and many others. Phileas Fogg exhibits these laws while traveling the earth. Also there are others he did not show yet still obeyed and other cultural differences.  The cultural differences were in Art, Music, Literature, folklore, performance arts, and festivals.

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English art above some French art. Completely different, showing that they think differently.

  In art the differences in their way of thinking is obviously very different from, for example, french art.  Also their traditions are almost completely different.  Their literature was focused mainly on what will come to be and not what is going on.  The performance arts were more like clowns and theaters in England than in, say, America, where we use theaters.  Their festivals are different too, like St. George’s Day, Commonwealth Day, Guy Fawkes night, Harvest Festival, Lady Day, May Day, Plough Monday, Plough Sunday, Whitsun, andfrench_art Christmas. (at least they have Christmas, not Hanukkah(not to be rude to any Jews reading this, it’s just my opinion))  That’s what I learned about the English culture.