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E7 L120 Review – Authors and Worldviews

 

               In the last two years I have read many books by hundreds of different authors, and each of them has their own different worldview.  Each of these authors expresses a worldview through their novels.  The three books for this matching session are Journey to the Center of the Earth by Jules Verne, Cat of Bubastes by G. A. Henty, and Little Men by Louisa May Alcott.

Shown in his books like the Journey to the center of the earth, Jules Verne’s worldview is mostly romanticist, which means he has the characters act on emotion not reason, though sometimes he puts a touch of agnosticism, or no religion.  For instance, while the characters were underground, one of them separated from the rest and got lost.  He then panicked and ran around which put out his light.  He then stumbled on the wall and was saved. Later, after they passed the whispering galley incident, they sailed the Liedenbrock sea, and on arrival at the opposite side out of excitement blew open the supposed exit, taking with them half the nearby water and skyrocketing them out a volcano.  After arriving on the surface, on an impulse on of the main characters caught a nearby little boy, and so found out that they had arrived in Stromboli, after starting all the way in Iceland.

Henty puts lots of his view into his books and at the same time adds detail and action, like in the book Cat of Bubastes.  Henty’s worldview is like Verne’s in that his characters mostly act on emotion not reason, though some reason is used at time.  As an example, one of the  later scenes in the book is while they are hunting hippos with their master, and as they hunt they hear a scream.  They run over and help a little girl who was being taken by a crocodile.   Later while on the run, they go to a friend, and out of fear make a slip up and let on that they just committed a major crime.  So, after staying in a nearby cave for a long time they head back to their home town and recapture it.  They then defend it out of love for their home and anger at losing it in the first place.

The author of the book Little Men, whose name is Louisa May Alcott is probably an existentialist and rationalist, shown by the fact that she never mentions a deity, gives the children in her book lots of freedom and they sort all their problems out with logic and reason.  Throughout the book she never mentions even once any type of deity and so proves her existentialism, along witht the fact that she gave the children in the book nearly boundless freedom to excersize by their own decisions, most of which is decided by logic, argued with and against with logic, and so logically (no pun intended) proves that she is a rationalist.

Through this essay I hope you have gained an understaning of how the book and author relate to the worldview of the author when it was written.

 

 

 

 

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PF W25 Review – Course Improvements

               Throughout this course so far, I have done many things, completed many tasks, and seen many ways to minimize taxed, and budget money, and choose a car.  Throughout the course Mr. Terrell has had some goods, and things that I’m excited for, and some improvements that could be made. 

What I liked most about this course so far is that he has some very interesting entrepreneur spotlights on people like Richard Branson and Thomas Fatjo.  Another reason is the super easy assignments he assigns and the easy-to-read study articles for reference.  I’m excited for the next entrepreneur spotlights, which he uses less near the end of the course, another thing I’m excited for.

I think that despite all the goods, he has a few things he could improve upon.  Some of the lessons are just slightly boring and could be more fun.  Another improvement is that he could summarize the last lesson in less time; half the lesson is review of the last lesson.

Other than these slight improvements, the course is overall great, and taught me a lot about financing my resources.

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S6 L127 – Desalinization

          In the last lesson I learned about the process of desalination water from the oceans.   The desalination processes are interesting, and one of the newest ones is extremely interesting. 

          Desalination is taking salt out of sea- or ground- water.  The process can be split into four main methods; Distillation, Reverse Osmosis, electrodialysis, and the new “water Chip”.  Distillation is evaporating the water three times, leaving the salts behind when it does, and then it condenses on some cold pipes, where it drips into a shelf which funnels the water either into the next chamber or to collection zone.  Reverse Osmosis uses pressure instead of heat.  The pressure forces the liquid through a membrane which blocks salt but lets water through.  It is then forced up and into a pipe for collection.  Electrodialysis is a form of desalinization which pulls positively charged ions throught one side of a canister to make positive brine and negarively charged ions through the other side, making negative brine, both of which are pumped away, leaving fresh water behind in the middle.  This is then drained away for collection.  Water chip are very small, but do the job effectively and cheaply.  The method used is the water is funneled through a covered groove the size of a human hair, and an electrode is activated.  This leaves a small area in between th edge of the electrode and the y-shaped branch.  The electrode creates an area with no ions in it which blocks the salt from getting through, leaving only water passing through.  This only pumps about 40 nanoliters per minute, but cleans the water to a fraction of what it was before, small enough to be drinkable.

 

 

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H7 W20 REVIEW – Magellan’s Journey

In the year 1480 AD in the land of Portugal, a man, who was then named Ferdinand Magellan, was born.  This man was destined to lead an expedition around the world for the first time to locate a route to India.

Orphaned at age 10, he somehow made a way to be the queen’s page, getting him shelter in the palace.  Once he graduated, he joined that country’s Navy, which then went to Portuguese India for battle.  He saved his captain and friend, and gained a promotion – and some injuries, one of which left him with a limp.  His friend left to find the spice Islands, which that man found, and this interested Magellan.  He left India to ask the King of Portugal if he could sail to the spice Islands by going west.  The king said no, and Magellan left for Spain, whose king at the time said yes to the request.  The voyage was funded, and they left Spain in 1519.  The fleet consisted of five ships and approximately 570 men.  When he reached America, Magellan traveled south, and passed through the Straits of Magellan while going to the Pacific Ocean.  Being the first European to travel here gave him the right to name the ocean, and name it he did.  He named it the “mar Pacifico”, or Pacific Ocean.  He then kept going and reached the Philippines.  The king and queen there were converted to Christianity and then they convinced Magellan to help them fight a battle with a rival island.  Magellan was killed in this battle, and without a leader the men split up.  Two ships kept going to Africa while the other remaining ship went back the way they had come.  The rest of the ships were burned as there were no longer enough crew members to keep all five going.  The one that backtracked was captured by the Portuguese and wrecked in Portuguese service.  One of the others sank, taking with it more men.  The last reached Spain three years later, with only eighteen men on it.

Out of five hundred and seventy men, only eighteen returned but those eighteen proved that the world was round, and that the Spanish really could have a western route to the India’s.

Posted in 7th Grade, English 7

E7 L115 Review – My Next Chapter of Little Men

Chapter XXII – Plumfield Snow Games

            Over the next two months the children became quite bored, as they had tired of their other games.  Mrs. B. often had to invent new things for them to do when they couldn’t figure out what to play.  When she ran out of new plays, which she often did, she set them to work to fill the wood box for the winter.

            Then, one bright morning all the boys and girls went downstairs to start their schoolwork.  Then Tommy happened to glance out the window, and what did he see but a completely white hill.  The next thing that happened was practically a stampede to see who could get outside and burrow under the snow first.  The snow was about three feet deep, and the children were floundering around when the first snowball flew through the air.  It zipped past Stuffy and Jack and hit Franz in the back of the head.  Franz accordingly fell down face first and said ouch.  Then Tommy said,

            “Hey Nat, catch!”

            The snowball hit Nat in the stomach, which sparked a war.  Tommy attracted Stuffy, Jack, Emil, Dick, Dolly, Ned, and Nan on his side, while the other team under Franz had Nat, Teddy, Dan, Demi, Daisy, Rob, and Billy.  Mr. Bhaer was with Franz and Nat, while Mrs. Bhaer was on Tommy’s side.  A general chaos ensued, and the air was suddenly full of snowballs.  Tommy himself went and burrowed himself an igloo to hide in, and then collapsed the entrance. 

            After Franz and Nat’s team won with five more hits than Tommy’s team (none of which were on Tommy himself), the latter decided to try snowboarding on an old plank.  Franz and Nat’s team couldn’t figure out what was going on until Jack hopped on a board, which immediately flew down the hill, carrying Jack with it. Nat said,

            “Of course! Snowboarding, but with pieces of wood!”

            This sparked the interest of the team, who got some wood and nailed together a very long sled.  The idea was envied by Tommy and his gang, who then put a judge up with Nat.  The rivalry which was then created lasted most of the day, which the teams started calling the Plumfield Games.  They had competitions over who could build the tallest snowman, which Franz and Nat won, and who could make the longest burrow, which Tommy won.  The game of burrowing was called Moles, and when it started snowing again they went inside and Daisy cooked up lots of hot chocolate.

It snowed another two feet over the next days, and the kids were constantly playing Moles, to which extent the snow tunnels kept caving in.  every time this happened, all the other moles would run over and start adding more snow to the divot which always occurred.

They soon tired of Moles and started adding new winter rules to Brops, which they played sometimes.  After Brops got worn out, the next few days were of little fun to the children, who had slacked on the wood box and were now set to work.  But the clever little children turned even this into a game eventually, to see how much wood each team could collect.  Over time the wood box overflowed, and the children were set to work shoveling snow off the road. 

This being done within minutes, one of the boys got the idea that he could go see if he could build a snow fort out on the hill.  The teams split up again, each going to a different hill.  They each built a snow castle, which the teams defended and laid siege from in turn.  For catapults they used very tightly packed snowballs in a large cooking spoon tied to a stick, which turned over a halved log to launch the snowballs.  Nat and Franz’ fort looked more like a very long igloo missing the top and with scattered holes in the walls.  Tommy’s looked like a massive blob (to improve invisibility, he explained later) with a special room with a hole in the roof for the catapult.  The snowball holes looked more like horizontal arrow slits than holes, but still worked okay.  Pinecones were used as oil buckets, and more than once somebody got poked by a cone.  Once one team got the idea that they could use the now-abandoned sled and barrage the kids in the other fort by placing the snowballs on the sled with one of the boys, which did not work out.  The walls were battered down by acorns shot in slingshots, so each team had two boys repairing the walls always.  If you got hit, you were “dead” and had to wait about thirty seconds to revive. 

When the adults saw what was going on, the adults ran outside and quickly threw up a fort out of a plywood sheet propped on some old logs.  They cut holes for the snowballs and started sieging both forts.  Over time, Tommy’s fort ran out of snow, and surrendered for lack of weaponry.  Nat/Franz’ team was quickly overtaken because they became too tired to throw, and their repeatedly failing “sneak attacks” ran them out of boys.  So, the adults won the match, despite their plywood falling over and making more of a lean-to than a wall. 

The Snow games were judged by Mrs. Bhaer herself, and she rated Franz and Nat’s team winners of the day, getting them extra hot chocolate just before bed.

Posted in Random

PF W23 Review – Questions for a College Friend

Question:    While you were in college, how much did you spend in supplies?

Answer:  About $300, Mostly in textbooks and pencils

Question:    What’s the biggest unexpected financial burden you faced through college?

Answer:  Textbooks.  The majority was because of the textbooks I bought and didn’t need, or textbooks I didn’t buy but needed.

Question:    If you started college all over again, how do you think you could have saved money by doing things in a different way?

Answer:  I would say the best way to have saved would have been reusing or selling supplies, waiting until I needed the textbooks to buy them, and get a scholarship at a less expensive college.