In the last two years I have read many books by hundreds of different authors, and each of them has their own different worldview. Each of these authors expresses a worldview through their novels. The three books for this matching session are Journey to the Center of the Earth by Jules Verne, Cat of Bubastes by G. A. Henty, and Little Men by Louisa May Alcott.
Shown in his books like the Journey to the center of the earth, Jules Verne’s worldview is mostly romanticist, which means he has the characters act on emotion not reason, though sometimes he puts a touch of agnosticism, or no religion. For instance, while the characters were underground, one of them separated from the rest and got lost. He then panicked and ran around which put out his light. He then stumbled on the wall and was saved. Later, after they passed the whispering galley incident, they sailed the Liedenbrock sea, and on arrival at the opposite side out of excitement blew open the supposed exit, taking with them half the nearby water and skyrocketing them out a volcano. After arriving on the surface, on an impulse on of the main characters caught a nearby little boy, and so found out that they had arrived in Stromboli, after starting all the way in Iceland.
Henty puts lots of his view into his books and at the same time adds detail and action, like in the book Cat of Bubastes. Henty’s worldview is like Verne’s in that his characters mostly act on emotion not reason, though some reason is used at time. As an example, one of the later scenes in the book is while they are hunting hippos with their master, and as they hunt they hear a scream. They run over and help a little girl who was being taken by a crocodile. Later while on the run, they go to a friend, and out of fear make a slip up and let on that they just committed a major crime. So, after staying in a nearby cave for a long time they head back to their home town and recapture it. They then defend it out of love for their home and anger at losing it in the first place.
The author of the book Little Men, whose name is Louisa May Alcott is probably an existentialist and rationalist, shown by the fact that she never mentions a deity, gives the children in her book lots of freedom and they sort all their problems out with logic and reason. Throughout the book she never mentions even once any type of deity and so proves her existentialism, along witht the fact that she gave the children in the book nearly boundless freedom to excersize by their own decisions, most of which is decided by logic, argued with and against with logic, and so logically (no pun intended) proves that she is a rationalist.
Through this essay I hope you have gained an understaning of how the book and author relate to the worldview of the author when it was written.