In today’s essay, I’m supposed to summarize the lives of three great Greek characters, of whom I chose a philosopher, a mathematician, and a scientist.
The Philosopher was named Aristotle, who was born in Stagirus, Chalcidice. He was never really a citizen, despite living near Athens most of his life. His father was a court doctor (or physician), and Aristotle therefore could join Plato’s Academy, where he remained until Pluto died. Then he went off on his own to teach, and teach he did, after fleeing Assos, he taught…Alexander the Great. Then he went home to found a school, which he called the Lyceum. Then as his students learned in a classroom, his other followers would walk around behind him as he taught. Then Alex died and the Macedonian protection died out, giving others a chance to kill Aristotle. So, they charged him, and his followers ran away with him. He died the next year at age 62.
Next up is Eratosthenes. He is best remembered for calculating the circumference of the Earth, and the Diameter. He is also said to have created the Sieve of Eratosthenes, which singles out Prime Numbers. He also was the one to create leap day, calculate the distance of the earth from the sun, and revise the Iliad. We don’t really have much info on his life.
Lastly, since you can’t have an essay on Greek figures without Archimedes, here is his story. He was born in Syracuse in about 287 BC, He was considered the most widely known Greek mathematician (mathmagician, I should say), and invented modern Calculus, and the Exhaustive method. He also estimated the value of pi most accurately. Although we know all this, he did not really leave a nice, well-laid-out biography for us, so I don’t really know his story.
That’s all I have for today on Aristotle, Eratosthenes, and Archimedes!