Elements of Art; Science Lesson 43

Sorry for just simply skipping into the art, I was just so excited! I forgot to post that I was moving on to a new unit, and just sped through the sketching and drawing part. In the Sketching part of unit 2; Art.  So here I’ll summarize lesson 1 on art.

To make art, the first thing you have to know the elements of art: Line, Shape, Form, Value, Space, Color, and Texture. Lines can be squiggly, straight, long, short, jagged, thin, bold, round, or even all of these things.  Each artist and person has a different way to make a line, and even how they turn out is like a signature.

Shapes are the forms created when lines join and create an enclosed space between these lines.  Shapes can be large or small, round or straight, and the lines that make up the shape define it.  They are a major part in art, and almost any imaginable object can broken down into the common shapes of rectangle, circle, square, triangle, cylinder, cube, sphere, and pyramid.

Form is the part of art that will define the whole of what you put on the paper. It defines the shape of a line, the shape of, well, a shape, and everything except itself, value, color, texture, and space.

Value is the shade that the color is being used in, and can define the feel of the picture, like Thomas Cole’s Voyage of Life, circa 1842.  Note that he uses darker shades to depict torment, suffering, and sadness, and lighter tones to show happiness and morality.

Space is the distance between two objects or their placement in the landscape.  This can also be used to separate two or more objects without using a border, so it acts like an invisible border.  By taking advantage of Space, you can make a 3-D landscape by showing space between the objects and making them smaller as they’re farther back.  Value can also be very useful when doing this, as they get farther back, you can draw them in a lighter shade and suggest that they’re farther back.

Color is the part that can really affect your picture.  Adding color can completely change the mood of the picture, make it look more real, and so forth.  This Element can create texture, form, and above all, feelings.

Texture is the sight or feel of the Drawing, and if a rough texture is used for, like, say, the bark of an oak tree, then the onlooker will view the tree as a rough, old tree. Sometimes, the painter will layer the paint to create actual texture and actually create a little bit of shape and form.  These types of paintings are made for touch, and are very interesting.  Using texture can also allow you to have one thing bulge out, and be the center of attention.

These elements of art are useful in both sketching and painting, and when combined, can make an angelic or devilish painting, depending on the Value.

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